Widget In Detail: FractionallySizedBox

Widget In Detail: FractionallySizedBox

How can You build a responsive Flutter app using Relative values rather than Pixel values?

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  • In order to make an application responsive in Flutter, we have widgets like as MediaQueries, LayoutBuilder, Expanded, Flexible, and so on.
  • In this post, we'll look at the FractionallySizedBox widget, which may help you make your application responsive.

When to use FractionallySizedBox?

  • We use FractionallySizedBox when we wish to offer relative height, width,space.
  • The size of the widgets in the Flutter application is determined by pixel values. The difficulty with utilizing pixel values is that they aren't responsive.
  • If you're familiar with CSS. Then, instead of using px, we mostly use rem, em, and other units. Because the px doesn't really adjust to the width and height of the screen.
  • In short, use the FractionallySizedBox widget when you want to give sizes in percentages (%).

How to use FractionallySizedBox?

  • FractionallySizedBox is very simple to use. You just wrap the widget within the FractionallySizedBox widget, and then specify the width and height to size the children of FractionallySizedBox.
  • The main properties of FractionallySizedBox are:
    1. widthFactor: It takes double value as input. Values between ( 0.0 - 1.0). For example 0.5 means 50% , 1.0 means 100%.
    2. heightFactor: Takes same values as widthFactor. But for height.
    3. alignment: Used to align the child of the FractionallySizedBox.
  • However, utilizing FractionallySizedBox inside a Row or Column has one problem.
  • The FractionallySizedBox widget must be wrapped inside the Flexible or Expanded widget.
  • It's because the width and height of the Row or Column are not specified usually. As a result, FractionallySizedBox will be perplexed as to what the parent size is. Because FractionallySizedBox sizes its offspring relatively to its parent at the end of the day.
  • As a result, be sure to specify a size for the Row or Column, or wrap FractionallySizedBox within the Flexible or Expanded.
  • FractionallySizedBox is basically an alternative to MediaQueries. It just makes it easier to write, and that's all there is to it!! Because you can accomplish the same thing with MediaQueries as well. As a result, it is entirely up to you to decide which method to employ.

  • FractionallySizedBox is used in many ways, For example, giving a height, width, or space between two widgets, etc.
  • Let's take an example.

    Use case #1 : Inside the Column/Row

    class MyHomePage extends StatelessWidget {
    @override
    Widget build(BuildContext context) {
      return Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: Text("FractionallySizedBox "),
        ),
        body: Container(
          width:MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
          height:MediaQuery.of(context).size.height,
          color: Colors.blueGrey,
          child: Column(
          children: [
            Flexible(
              child: FractionallySizedBox(
                widthFactor: 0.8,
                heightFactor: 0.8,
                child: Container(
                  color: Colors.orange,
                ),
              ),
            ),
            Flexible(
              child: FractionallySizedBox(
                widthFactor: 0.6,
                heightFactor: 0.6,
                child: Container(
                  color: Colors.white,
                ),
              ),
            ),
            Flexible(
              child: FractionallySizedBox(
                widthFactor: 0.4,
                heightFactor: 0.4,
                child: Container(
                  color: Colors.green,
                ),
              ),
            )
          ],
        ),
        )
      );
    }
    }
    
  • WithoutSpace.png
  • As you can see, the sizes provided by the FractionallySizedBox are used by all three Containers. Regardless of the screen size, all of these containers will take up the available space.

Use case #2 : For Giving Spacing

  • You can also use FractionallySizedBox to give space between two widget like below :
  • body: Container(
          width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
          height: MediaQuery.of(context).size.height,
          color: Colors.blueGrey,
          child: Column(
            children: [
              Container(
                width: 200,
                height: 50,
                color: Colors.orange,
              ),
              const Flexible(
                child: FractionallySizedBox(
                  heightFactor: 0.1,
                ),
              ),
              Container(
                width: 200,
                height: 50,
                color: Colors.white,
              ),
              const Flexible(
                child: FractionallySizedBox(
                  heightFactor: 0.2,
                ),
              ),
              Container(
                width: 200,
                height: 50,
                color: Colors.green,
              ),
            ],
          ),
        ),
    
  • forSpacing.png

Use case #3: For Alignment

  • class MyHomePage extends StatelessWidget {
    @override
    Widget build(BuildContext context) {
      return Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: const Text("FractionallySizedBox"),
        ),
        body: Container(
          width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
          height: MediaQuery.of(context).size.height/2,
          color: Colors.blueGrey,
          alignment:Alignment.bottomRight,
          child: FractionallySizedBox(
            widthFactor: 0.6,
            child: ElevatedButton(
              onPressed:(){},
              child:Text("Button"),
            )
          )
        ),
      );
    }
    }
    
  • forAlignment.png

Final Words :

  • That's it !! I recommend you to play around with FractionallySizedBox. It will get more clear.
  • Thank you for taking the time to read this article. πŸ™. If you found it useful, please share it with others.

  • Also, if you have any suggestions, please leave them in the comments section. ✍️ See you soon. Until then....

  • PeaceOutImOutGIF.gif
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